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New Jersey Transit - History, Current Operations

bus rail light service

New Jersey Transit was founded in 1979 with the Public Transportation Act. It was the offspring of New Jersey’s Department of Transportation, and given power by the state government to deal with the multitude of transportation problems that had come to light at the time. New Jersey Transit initially acquired and oversaw a number of private bus services. The Consolidated Rail Corporation, also known as Conrail, was formed in 1976 when several passenger railroads merged. These railroads were having severe financial troubles, and began operations on commuter railroad services while under contract from the New Jersey Department of Transportation. The New Jersey Transit took over operations of all commuter rail service in 1983. Today, it operates all passenger and commuter rail lines in New Jersey, except for a select few which include Amtrak. NJ Transit runs most of New Jersey’s bus lines. In the northern part of New Jersey, many bus routes are arranged in a web. New Jersey Transit subsidizes and provides buses for a number of the state’s private operations. Some of these private operators include Academy, Coach USA, and Lakeland. Throughout the 1990s, the system stretched out to include new Midtown Direct service to New York City. New equipment was also provided. In October of 2001, a new station opened at Newark International Airport. In December 2003, New Jersey Transit opened the Secaucus Junction transfer station. The transfer station connected two huge portions of the system, and allowed passengers on trains bound to Hoboken to change trains to get to Midtown Manhattan far more conveniently. This saved passengers an estimated fifteen minutes of travel time. In October of 2005, New Jersey Transit took over Clocker service, or New York to Philadelphia service, from Amtrak. Several new trains were added to the schedule, even as service was cut back to Trenton, New Jersey.

Current Operations

Bus Operations

New Jersey Transit owns over 3.000 buses. Its Bus Operations department controls almost 250 bus routes. A number of other line runs are subsidized by New Jersey Transit. These other lines include buses owned by the New Jersey Transit, even thought they are in the colors of other operators. Bus fares are based on the distance traveled by the passenger.

Light Rail Operations

Light rail fares on New Jersey Transit’s newest light rail lines are not based on distance like the bus fares. Rather, the Newark Light Rail service and River Line fares are given in flat-rates. Keep in mind that transfers to bus lines will cost an additional amount. Newark City Subway and Newark Light Rail operations fall under the New Jersey Transit Bus Operations. Their fares are determined by the bus network and includes transfers and zones, etc.


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