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Food Drug Administration - Guide To The Food And Drug Administration

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The Food and Drug Administration, commonly referred to as the FDA, is a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services. It is the United States agency regulates and oversees food, beverages, medications, tobacco, cosmetics, various medical procedures, and other things. The FDA is focused on maintaining good public health. The leader of the FDA is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. It is headquartered in Maryland and has over 200 offices and a dozen laboratories.

The Food and Drug Administration was established in 1906. It was created by the Food and Drug Act under Theodore Roosevelt. The 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act increased government regulation over drugs by establishing research studies of all new drugs as well as banning false claims. Over the years, the government has continued to pass laws aimed at increasing the role of the FDA to ensure that consumers are protected.

The most common thing we see with regards to the FDA is the nutrition label. Years ago, we saw the basic food pyramid of the six major food groups. Today, that has changed. As the country combats a growing obesity epidemic, nutrition information has become important. The FDA requires that all food and beverages disclose the exact amounts of calories, fat, proteins, vitamins, and other essential nutrition information. The label can be seen on any product we buy. In addition, restaurants must also make specific nutrition information available. The nutrition label has helped educate people about what they are putting in to their body, which helps everyone keep track of dieting.

While that is the most common aspect we see every day, the Food and Drug Administration does much more. They are responsible for regulating testing on any and all drugs. When a new drug is developed, it must meet rigorous standards before the FDA certifies it. This goes for both prescription and over the counter drugs. The FDA publishes clear instructions and warnings on all drugs so that everyone knows what is in the drug and how to properly use it.

In addition to testing new products, the FDA also evaluates existing products on a periodic basis. This is to ensure products are still safe as standards change. The FDA will update labels as changes need to be made. Along these lines, the Food and Drug Administration can recall any product it feels poses a threat. Again, the goal of the organization is ensure public safety.

While the FDA does not directly regulate advertising, it does have the power to ensure that companies do not falsely advertise their products. This includes stopping them from making false claims, such as saying it has a health benefit it does not have. The FDA only performs this function for prescription drugs. Protection for other products is provided by the Federal Trade Commission.

The Food and Drug Administration does not regulate everything. Most alcohol is controlled by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. In addition, the FDA does not regulate non-bottled water. This is controlled by the state. Bottled water is covered by the Food and Drug Administration.

In addition to consumable things like food and drugs, the FDA also is responsible for the safety of medical devices ranging from toothbrushes to heart monitors. The FDA also has a branch that oversees anything that emits radiation, including cellular phones and microwaves. Vaccines are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, as are blood transfusions and donations. As mentioned above, cosmetics also fall under the control of the FDA. Any potential allergies and health risks must be disclosed on the cosmetic label.

The Food and Drug Administration is a massive government agency. They regulate virtually anything we consume or contact. The FDA conducts evolving tests to make sure that new and existing products are safe to use. The FDA makes sure that any product, including generic ones, is safe and that any potential health risk is clearly marked on the label.

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