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Dns Server Ip Address - How to Find Your DNS Server IP Address

internet domain addresses system

Most people who only have a cursory knowledge of how the internet works are baffled when they are following instructions to set up networking with a device or with software when they are asked about their DNS server IP address. Finding this number depends on what type of operating system you have on your computer. Both understanding what a DNS server IP address is and finding it are simple tasks.

Anyone who uses the internet is automatically accessing remote computers called domain name servers (DNS). While these servers are extremely important to how the internet works, they are invisible systems, and you never see the information they provide. Anytime you access a website or send an email, you enter a domain name, such as abc.com or 123.net. These domain names are easy to remember for human operators because they consist of words, but the internet actually uses IP addresses to direct traffic, not domain names. IP addresses are a series of digits and dots, such as 127.0.0.1.

It is the job of domain name servers to translate the common domain names we use into the IP addresses required by the Internet. The DNS system is a database of all the domain names and their respective IP addresses. This system makes the internet more user-friendly because people have a hard time memorizing long strings of numbers, rather than words or syllables.

IP addresses are not restricted to only websites. Every computer that connects to the internet has an IP address, including yours. Your computer’s IP address is assigned by your internet service provider (ISP). Some ISPs assign static IP addresses. This means that as long as you use the same ISP, your IP address doesn’t change. Most ISPs, however, use dynamic IP addresses. This means, your IP address can change every time you connect to the internet.

Some programs and device setups require that you find your computer’s IP address and the DNS server IP address. How you do this differs depending on which operating system you are using. Here are the ways to find your DNS server depending on which OS you are using:

Apple or Linux
You can get access to the DNS system through your C library with these operating systems. To access the DNS information, at a command prompt, enter the command inside the brackets: [$ cat /etc/resolv.conf]. You will get a response in the form of “nameserver” and the DNS server IP address. All of this computer’s applications use this DNS server IP address.

Microsoft Windows 7/Vista/Xp
If you are using one of these forms of Microsoft Windows, click on your Start button. On the Start menu, select Run. A command prompt will display. Enter the command [cmd] without the brackets. This will open a DOS window.

At the DOS prompt, enter the following command (less brackets): [ipconfig /all]

Your DOS window will display your Windows IP Configuration information. This information includes Host Name, Primary DNS Suffix, Node Type, IP Routing Enabled, WINS Proxy Enabled. The bottom half will display your Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection information that includes DNS Suffix, Description, Physical Address, Dhcp Enabled, IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway, and lastly, DNS Servers. The number following DNS Servers is your DNS server IP address.

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