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Gastric Bypass Roux En Y - Introduction to Gastric Bypass Roux En Y Surgery - What is Involved with the Procedure?

stomach patient doctor food

Are you curious about gastric bypass surgery? Perhaps a loved one is considering the procedure, or you feel that it would be an effective change for yourself. Gastric bypass surgery has proven itself as an effective way to treat obesity by causing the patient to feel full much faster. However, this is a major medical procedure, and patients should consider it carefully before pursuing this option. As with any surgical procedure, this is best discussed with your own doctor who can advise you on your situation. This guide is intended to introduce you to the procedure and answer common questions about it.

What is Involved with the Procedure?

Normally, food travels down your esophagus to the stomach, and then proceeds downward to the small intestine. Quite simply put, gastric bypass surgery simply “bypasses” the vast majority of the stomach, going directly to the middle portion of the small intestine instead. The doctor forms a small pouch from the existing stomach at the bottom of the esophagus. This will become the patient’s new stomach, which connects directly with the middle portion of the small intestine. The small pouch is created by utilizing surgical staples or a plastic band. The greatly diminished capacity of the new stomach will make the patient feel full much faster than before, and prevent the patient from eating more than small amounts at a time.

This procedure can either be performed with a large incision (open surgery), or a small incision combined with internal tools and cameras to guide the surgery. Of course, the patient is under full anesthesia for the duration of the procedure.

What After-effects Should the Patient Expect?

The patient should recover about 3-5 weeks after the procedure. But some effects will remain with the patient forever. As a gastric bypass recipient, you will only be able to eat very small amounts of food at a time. Because your stomach can only hold a few ounces, you are advised against eating and drinking at the same time, wait for 30 minutes between eating and drinking. You will confer with your doctor and/or nutritionist to discuss future diet plans, and will likely be advised to take vitamin supplements to make up for the sharp decrease in food intake. You should also avoid large amounts of simple sugars like candy and sodas, which can cause undesirable side effects with your new internal construction.

Of course, the whole reason of undergoing the surgery is to treat morbid obesity. Patients will usually lose weight for a consistent 12 months after undergoing this procedure. Most patients lose about 1/3 of their total weight over 1 to 4 years.

What are the Risks?

There are always risks associated with surgery. The incision wound may become infected, fluid leaking from the stomach could cause an infection, and blood clots in the lung are possible. Stomach staples may pull lose if proper diet guidelines are not followed. Hernia could also develop. The stomach pouch may expand some, resulting in hiccups and bloating. One of the most common types of after-effect for this surgery comes in the form of various nutrition deficiencies (gallstones, anemia, B12 deficiencies, etc.) These come from the patient’s vastly scaled-back food consumption, and it is the reason why your doctor may recommend nutritional supplements.

When considering this major surgical procedure, you should carefully weigh the pros and cons for your specific situation. This procedure is normally only approved for individuals who are obese for more than five years. It is also recommended that you be 18 to 65 years of age, and have no existing problem with alcoholism. It is also prerequisite that you are not subject to untreated depression or major psychiatric disorders.

If you have further questions about this procedure’s possible benefits for you, talk with your doctor. While this surgery has been proven to be effective and life-altering for many, it is a rather drastic measure that should be considered for only severe cases of long-term obesity.

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