Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 70 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CALVARY, the conventional English rendering of the calvaries of the Vulgate, the Latin version of the Greek xpavwv, both meaning " skull " and representing the Hebrew Golgotha, the name given to the scene of Christ's crucifixion. The term " a Calvary " is applied to a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, either inside a church, or adjoining one in the open air. There are many examples of the latter in France, Italy and Spain. Among the most important are the Sacro Monte (1486) at Varallo in Piedmont, and those at Guimiliau (1581), Plougastel (1602), St Thegonnec (1610), and Pleyben near Quimper (1670), in Brittany, all in good preservation.,
End of Article: CALVARY
DENIS CALVART (1540-1619)
EMMA CALVE (1864– )

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