Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V01, Page 502 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CLIMATIC TABLE Climate. Places. Above the Mean Sea. Winter Temp. (A) Moderate and Medicine Hat, lat. 2171 ft. 14'3° F. changeable 5o° N. 3421 „ 15.4° Calgary, lat. 51 ° 4515 „ 15'9° Banff, lat. 512° (B) Steady • . Edmonton, lat. 531° 2210 „ 10.3° (C) Severe Fort Chipewyan, lat. 600 „ 7.2° „ 59° N. Climate (A) allows, in what is a great ranching district, cattle and horses to run at large through the whole winter. Through the mountain passes come at times dry winds from the Pacific coast, which lick up the snow in a few hours. These winds are known as Chinook winds. While elevating the temperature they bring more moisture into the air and produce a change not entirely desirable. Climate (B) is the steady winter climate of Edmonton district. This while averaging a lower temperature than (A) is not so subject to change; it retains the snow for sleighing, which is a boon to the farmer. This climate is much less influenced by the Pacific winds than (A). Climate (C), that of Fort Chipewyan, having a mean winter temperature of 22.6° lower than Calgary, is a decidedly sub-arctic climate. It is the region in winter of constant ice and snow, but its lower altitude gives it a summer climate with a mean temperature of only 1.6° less than Calgary, and 1.8° less than Edmonton. It will thus be seen that the agricultural capabilities of the Athabasca and Peace river districts, not yet fully known, are full of promise. Fauna.—The three climatic regions of Alberta have naturally a varying fauna. The south and central region was the land of the bison, its grasses affording a great pasture ground for tens of thousands of " buffaloes.” They were destroyed by whites and Indians in 1879–1882 on the approach of the Canadian Pacific railway. Grizzly, black and cinnamon bears are found in the mountains and wooded districts. The coyote or small wolf, here and there the grey wolf, the fox and the mountain lion (panther) occur. The moose and red deer are found in the wooded regions, and the jumping deer and antelope on the prairies. - Wild sheep and goats live in the Rocky Mountains. The lynx, wolverine, porcupine, skunk, hare, squirrel and mouse are met. The gopher is a resident of the dry plains. District (C) is the fur-trader's 4' yogi/ ooi// End of Article: CLIMATIC
JOHN CLIMAX (c. 525–600 A.D.)

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