Online Encyclopedia

JOHN CLIMAX (c. 525–600 A.D.)

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Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 527 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN CLIMAX (c. 525–600 A.D.), ascetic and mystic, also called Scholasticus and Sinaites. After having spent forty years in a cave at the foot of mount Sinai, he became abbot of the monastery. His life has been written by Daniel, a monk belonging to the monastery of Raithu, on the Red Sea. He derives his name Climax (or Climacus) from his work of the same name (K~iµa Tpu Ilapaieivou, ladder to Paradise), in thirty sections, corresponding to the thirty years of the life of Christ. It is written in a simple and popular style. The first part treats of the vices that hinder the attainment of holiness, the second of the virtues of a Christian. Enrrtoxs.—J. P. Migne, Patrologia graeca, lxxxviii. (including the biography by Daniel) ; S. Eremites (Constantinople, 1883) ; see also C. Krumbacher, Geschichle der byzantinischen Litteratur (1897); Gass-Kruger in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie fur protestantische Theologie, Bd. 9(1901). The Ladder has been translated into several foreign languages—into English by Father Robert, Mount St Bernard's Abbey, Leicestershire (1856).
End of Article: JOHN CLIMAX (c. 525–600 A.D.)

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