Online Encyclopedia

CLOSE (from Lat. clausum, shut)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 556 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CLOSE (from Lat. clausum, shut), a closed place or enclosure. In English law, the term is applied to a portion of land, enddsed or not, held as private property, and to any exclusive interest in land sufficient to maintain an action for trespass quare clausum fregit. ' The word is also used, particularly in Scotland, of the entry or passage, including the common staircase, of a block of tenement houses, and in architecture for the precincts of a cathedral or abbey. The adjective " close " (i.e. closed) is found in several phrases, such as " close time " or " close season " (see GAME LAws); close borough, one of which the rights and privileges were enjoyed by a limited class (see BOROUGH); close rolls and'writs, royal letters, &c., addressed to particular persons, under seal, and not open to public inspection (see RECORD; Chancery; LETTERS PATENT). From the sense of " closed up," and so " confined," comes the common meaning of " near."
End of Article: CLOSE (from Lat. clausum, shut)

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