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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 645 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COENACULUM, the term applied to the eating-room of a Roman house in which the supper (coena) or latest meal was taken. It was sometimes placed in an upper storey and reached by an external staircase. The Last Supper in the New Testament was taken in the Coenaculum, the " large upper room " cited in St Mark (xiv. 15) and St Luke (xxii. 12). C(ENWULF (d. 821), king of Mercia, succeeded to the throne in 796, on the death of Ecgfrith, son of Offa. His succession is somewhat remarkable, as his direct ancestors do not seem to have held the throne for six generations. In 798 he invaded Kent, deposed and imprisoned Eadberht Prien, and made his own brother Cuthred king. Cuthred reigned in Kent from 798 to 807, when he died, and Ccenwulf seems to have taken Kent into his own hands. It was during this reign that the archbishopric of Lichfield was abolished, probably before 803, as the Hygeberht who signed as an abbot at the council of Cloveshoe in that year was presumably the former archbishop. Ccenwulf appears from the charters to have quarrelled with Wulfred of Canterbury, who was consecrated in 8o6, and the dispute continued for several years. It was probably only settled at Cloveshoe in 825, when the lawsuit of Cwcenthryth, daughter and heiress of Ccenwulf, with Wulfred was terminated. Ccenwulf may have instigated the raid of IEthelmund, earl of the Hwicce, upon the accession of Ecgberht. He died in 821, and was succeeded by his brother Ceolwulf I. See Earle and Plummer's edition of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 796, 819 (Oxford, 1892) ; W. de G. Birch, Cartularium Saxonicum, 378 (London, 1885-1893). (F. G. M. B.)
End of Article: COENACULUM
COERCION (from Lat. coercere, to restrain)

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