Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 510 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CROSSEN, or KROSSEN, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Prussia, on the Oder, here crossed by a bridge, at the influx of the Bober, 31 M. S.E. of Frankfort-on-Oder by rail. Pop. (1900) 7369. Of the churches in the town three are Protestant. 3 Dr Malmgren found a small flock on Bear Island (lat. 74 ° N.), but to this barren spot they must have been driven by stress of weather. and one Roman Catholic. Besides the modern school (Realprogymnasium), there are a technical school for viniculture and fruit-growing and a dairy school. There are manufactories of copper and brass ware, cloth, &c., while in the surrounding country the chief industries are fruit and grape growing. There is a brisk shipping trade, mainly in wine, fruit and fish. Crossen was founded in 1005 and was important during the middle ages as a point of passage across the Oder. It attained civic rights in 1232, was for a time the capital of a Silesian duchy, which, on the death of Barbara of Brandenburg, widow of the last duke, passed to Brandenburg (1482). In May 1886 the town was devastated by a whirlwind.
End of Article: CROSSEN, or KROSSEN
CROSSBILL (Fr. Bec-croise, Ger. Kreuzschnabel)

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