Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V12, Page 174 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GODMANCHESTER, a municipal borough in the southern, parliamentary division of Huntingdonshire, England, on the .right bank of the Ouse, 1 in. S.S.E. of Huntingdon, on a branch of the Great Eastern railway. Pop. (1901) 2017. It has a beautiful Perpendicular church (St Mary's) and an agricultural trade, with flour mills. The town is governed by a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors. Area, 4907 acres. A Romano-British village occupied the site of Godmanchester.The town (Gumencestre, Gomecestre) belonged to the king before the Conquest and at the time of the Domesday survey. in I213 King John granted the manor to the men of the town at a fee-farm of £120 yearly, and confirmation charters were granted by several succeeding kings, Richard II. in 1391-1392 adding exemption from toll, pannage, &c. James I. granted an in-corporation charter in 16o5 under the title of bailiffs, assistants and commonalty, but under the Municipal Reform Act of 1835 the corporation was changed to a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors. Godmanchester was formerly included for parliamentary purposes in the borough of Huntingdon, which has ceased to be separately represented since 1885. The incorporation charter of 16o5 recites that the burgesses are chiefly engaged in agriculture, and grants them a fair, which still continues every year on Tuesday in Easter week. See Victoria County History, Huntingdon; Robert Fox, The History of Godmanchester (1831).

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