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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V19, Page 779 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GOVERNORS OF NORTH CAROLINA Proprietary Period (1663-1729). William Drummond 1663-1667 Samuel Stephens 1667–1669 Peter Carteret 1669–1673 John Jenkins, president of the council 1673–1676 Thomas Eastchurch . . 1676–1677 Thomas Miller, president of the council . 1677-1678 John Harvey, president of the council 1678-1679 John Jenkins . 1679-168r Henry Wilkinson 1681-1683 Seth Sothel 1683-1689 Philip Ludwell 1689–1691 Alexander Lillington, deputy-governor 1691–1694 Thomas Harvey, deputy-governor . 1694–1699 Henderson Walker, president of the council 1699–1704 Robert Daniel, deputy-governor 1704–1705 Thomas Carey, deputy-governor . 1705–1706 William Glover, president of the council 1706–1707 Thomas Carey William Glover contestants (Carey's rebellion) Edward Hyde, deputy-governor 1710–1712 Thomas Pollock, president of the council. 1712–1714 Charles Eden . 1714–1722 Thomas Pollock, president of the council 1722 William Reid, president of the council 1722-1724 George Burrington 1724-1725 Edward Mosely, president of the council. 1725 Sir Richard Everard . . . . 1725-1729 Royal Period (1729-1776). George Burrington 1 . 1731–1734 Nathaniel Rice, president of the council . 1734 Gabriel Johnston . . . 1734–1752 Nathaniel Rice, president of the council . 1752–1753 Matthew Rowan, president of the council 1753–1754 Arthur Dobbs . 1754–1765 William Tryon 1765–1771 Hasell, president of the council 1771 James 1771-1775 osiah Martin Statehood Period (1776-)• Richard Caswell . . 1777-1779 Abner Nash . 1779-1781 Thomas Burke . 1781–1782 Alexander Martin . 1782–1784 Richard Caswell . . 1784-1787 Samuel Johnston . 1787–1789 Alexander Martin Federalist 1789–1792 Richard Dobbs Spaight, Sr. Dem.-Repub. 1791-1795 Samuel Ashe . . . . „ 1795-1798 William Richardson Davie. 1798–1799 Benjamin Williams 1799–1802 James Turner „ 18o2-1805 Nathaniel Alexander . „ 1805–1807 Benjamin Williams 1807–1808 David Stone. ,8o8–1810 Benjamin Smith . 1810–1811 William Hawkins . 1811-1814 William Miller „ 1814–1817 John Branch . 1817–182o 1 Burrington was appointed in 1730, but did not arrive in the province until February 1731. Either Everard held over or the president of the council was acting-governor from 1729-1731. 1707—1710 Jesse Franklin . Dem.-Repub. 1820-1821 Gabriel Holmes „ 182I-1824 Hutchings G. Burton . 1824-1827 James Iredell 1827-1828 John Owen Democrat 1828-1830 Montford Stokes . 1830-18,32 David Lowry Swain 1832-1835 Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr. 1835-1837 Edward Bishop Dudley Whig 1837-1841 John Motley Morehead 1841-1845 William Alexander Graham, 1845-1849 Charles Manly 1849-1851. David Settle Reid Democrat 1851-1854 Warren Winslow (ex-officio) 1854-1855 Thomas Bragg . 1855-1859 John Willis Ellis 1859-1861 Henry Toole Clark (ex-officio) . 1861-1862 Zebulon Baird Vance . 1862-1865 William Woods Holden Provisional 1865 Jonathan Worth . Conservative 1865-1867 Gen. Daniel Edgar Sickles . Military 1867 Gen. Ed. Richard Sprigg Canby 1867-1868 William Woods Holden Republican 1868-1870 Tod R. Caldwell . . „ 1870-1874 Curtis Hooks Brogden. 1874-1877 Zebulon Baird Vance . Democrat 1877-1879 Thomas Jordan Jarvis 1879-1885 Alfred Moore Scales . 1885-1889 Daniel Gould Fowle . 1889-1891 Thomas Michael Holt . 1891-1893 Elias Carr . 1893-1897 Daniel Lindsay Russell Republican 1897-1901 Charles Brantley Aycock Democrat 1901-19o5 Robert Brodnax Glenn 1905-1909 William Walton Kitchin 1909- ) are general surveys. Cornelia P. Spencer, First Steps in North Carolina History (6th ed., Raleigh, 1893), is a brief elementary book written for use in the public schools. For the colonial and revolutionary periods there are some excellent studies. C. L. Raper, North Carolina: a Study in English Colonial Government (New York, 1904), treats of the royal period (1729-1776) from the legal point of view; J. S. Bassett, Constitutional Beginnings of North Carolina (Baltimore, 1894); The Regulators of North Carolina (Washington, 1894); and Slavery in the State of North Carolina (Baltimore, 1899), are all trustworthy. S. B. Weeks deals with the religious history in his Religious Development in the Province of North Carolina, (Baltimore, 1892), Church and State in North Carolina (Baltimore, 1893) and Southern Quakers and Slavery (Baltimore, 1896) ; he is anti-Anglican, but judicial. E. W. Sikes, The Transition of North Carolina from Colony to Commonwealth (Baltimore, 1898), based on the public records, is accurate, though dull. There is a considerable controversial literature concerning the Mecklenburg Declaration of In-dependence; W. H. Hoyt's The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (New York, 1907) is the best presentation of the view generally adopted by competent historians that the alleged Declaration of the loth of May 1775 is spurious; G. W. Graham, The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (New York, 1905), and J. W. Moore, Defence of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence (1909), are perhaps the best of the attempts to prove the same Declaration genuine. The older histories of the colony are: Hugh Williamson, History of North Carolina (2 vols. Philadelphia, 1812), which deals with the period before 1771 and is meagre and full of errors; F. X. Martin, History of North Carolina (2 vols., New Orleans, 1829), which deals with the period before 1776, contains much irrelevant matter and is of little value; F. L. Hawks, History of North Carolina (2 vols. Fayetteville, N.C., 1857-1858), written from the established church point of view, the best and fullest treatment of the proprietary period (1663-1729) ; and W. D. Cooke (ed.), Revolutionary History of North Carolina (Raleigh and New York, 1853), containing a defence of the Regulators. For the Reconstruction period see J. G. de Roulhac Hamilton, Reconstruction in North Carolina (Raleigh, 1906) ; Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the !'ondition of Affairs in the late Insurrectionary States, being the 42nd Congress, 2nd session, House Report 22 (13 vols., Washington, 1872; vol. ii. deals with North Carolina) ; and Hilary A. Herbert et at. Why the Solid South? or Reconstruction and its Results (Baltimore, 189o). The chief published sources are The Colonial Records of North Carolina (Jo vols., Raleigh, 1886-189o) ; and The State Records of North Carolina (vols. 11-20, 1776-1788; other vols., in continuation of the colonial series, Winston (1J-15) and Goldsboro (16-2o), 1895-1902; the series is to be continued). The best bibliography is S. B. Weeks, Bibliography of Historical Literature of North Carolina (Cambridge, 1895).

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