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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 628 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DUC DE BROGLIE JACQUES VICTOR ALBERT (1821-1901), his eldest son, was born at Paris on the 13th of June 1821. After a brief diplomatic career at Madrid and Rome, the revolution of 1848 caused him to withdraw from public life and devote himself to literature. He had already published a translation of the religious system of Leibnitz (1846). He now at once made his mark by his contributions to the Revue des deux Mondes and the Orleanist and clerical organ Le Correspondant, which were afterwards collected under the titles of Etudes morales et litteraires (18J3) and Questions de religion et d'histoire (1860). These were supplemented in 1869 by a volume of Pl ouvelles eludes de litterature et de morale. His L'Eglise et l'empire romain au I V e siecle (1856–1866) brought him the succession to Lacordaire's seat in the Academy in 1862. In 187o he succeeded his father in the dukedom, having previously been known as the prince de Broglie. In the following year he was elected to the National Assembly for the department of theEure, and a few days later (on the 19th of February) was appointed ambassador in London; but in March 1872, in consequence of criticisms upon his negotiations concerning the commercial treaties between England and France, he resigned his post and took his seat in the National Assembly, where he became the leading spirit of the monarchical campaign against Thiers. On the replacement of the latter by Marshal MacMahon, the duc de Broglie became president of the council and minister for foreign affairs (May 1873), but in the reconstruction of the ministry on the 26th of November, after the passing of the septennate, transferred himself to the ministry of the interior. His tenure of office was marked by an extreme conservatism, which roused the bitter hatred of the Republicans, while he alienated the Legitimist party by his friendly relations with the Bonapartists, and the Bonapartists by an attempt to effect a compromise between the rival claimants to the monarchy. The result was the fall of the cabinet on the 16th of May 1874. Three years later (on the 16th of May 1877) he was entrusted with the formation of a new cabinet, with the object of appealing to the country and securing a new chamber more favourable to the reactionaries than its predecessor had been. The result, however, was a decisive Republican majority. The duc de Broglie was defeated in his own district, and resigned office on the loth of November. Not being re-elected in 1885, he abandoned politics and reverted to his historical work, publishing a series of historical studies and biographies written in a most pleasing style, and especially valuable for their extensive documentation. He died in Paris on the 19th of January 19on. Besides editing the Souvenirs of his father (1886,&c.), the Memoires of Talleyrand (1891, &c.), and the Letters of the Duchess Albertine de Broglie (1896), he published Le Secret du roi, Correspondance secrete de Louis X V avec ses agents diplomatiques, 1752–1774 (1878) ; Frederic II et Marie Therese (1883); Frederic II et Louis XV (1885); Marie Therese Imperatrice (1888); Le Pere Lacordaire (1889); Maurice de Saxe et le marquis d'Argenson (1891); La Paix d'Aix-la-Chapelle (1892); L'Alliance autrichienne (1893); La Mission de M. de Gontaut-Biron a Berlin (1896) ; Voltaire avant et pendant la Guerre de Sept Ans (1898) ; Saint Ambroise, translated by Margaret Maitland in the series of " The Saints " (1899).
JACTITATION (from Lat. jactitare, to throw out publ...

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