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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V15, Page 587 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JURJANI, the name of two Arabic scholars. 1. ABU BAKR 'ABDU-L-QAHIR IBN 'ABDUR-RAHMAN ULJURJANI (d. 1078) Arabian grammarian, belonged to the Persian school and wrote a famous grammar, the Kit¢b ul-'Awdmil ul-Mi'a or Kitdb Mi'at 'Amil, which was edited by Erpenius (Leiden, 1617), by Baillie (Calcutta, 1803), and by A. Lockett (Calcutta, 1814). Ten Arabic commentaries on this work exist in MS., also two Turkish. It has been versified five times and translated into Persian. Another of his grammatical works on which several commentaries have been written is the Kitab Jumal fin-Nahw. For other works see C. Brockelmann's Gesch. der Arabischen Litteratur (1898), i. 288. 2. 'ALI IBN MAHOMMED UL-JURJANI (1339-1414), Arabian encyclopaedic writer, was born near Astarabad and became professor in Shiraz. When this city was plundered by Tim-Ur (1387) he removed to Samarkand, but returned to Shiraz in 1405, and remained there until his death. Of his thirty-one extant works, many being commentaries on other works, one of the best known is the Ta'rifdt (Definitions), which was edited by G. Flugel (Leipzig, 1845), published also in Constantinople (1837), Cairo (1866, &c.), and St Petersburg (1897). (G. W. T.)
End of Article: JURJANI

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