Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 207 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ALBERT AUGUSTE COCHON DE LAPPARENT (1839–19o8), French geologist, was born at Bourges on the 3oth of December 1839. After studying at the Ecole Polytechnique from 1858 to 186o he became ingenieur au corps des mines, and took part in drawing up the geological map of France; and in 1875 he was appointed professor of geology and mineralogy at the Catholic Institute, Paris. In 1879 he prepared an important memoir for the geological survey of France on Le Pays de Bray, a subject on which he had already published several memoirs, and in 188o he served as president of the French Geological Society. In 1881–1883 he published his Traite de geologie (5th ed., 1905), the best European text-book of stratigraphical geology. His other works include Cours de mineralogie (1884, 3rd ed., 1899), La Formation des combustibles mineraux (1886), Le Niveau de la mer et ses variations (1886), Les Tremblements de terre (1887), La Geologic en chemin de fer (1888), Precis de mineralogie (1888), Le Siecle du fer (189o), Les Amiens Glaciers (1893), Lecons de geographic physique (1896), Notions generales sur l'ecorce terrestre (1897), Le Globe terrestre (1899), and Science et apologetique (1905). With Achille Delesse he was for many years editor of the Revue de geologie and contributed to the Extraits de geologie, and he joined with A. Potier in the geological surveys undertaken in connexion with the Channel Tunnel proposals. He died in Paris on the 5th of May 1908. MARTIN (1794–1865), German

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