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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 827 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GUSTAF HAKAN JORDAN LJUNGGREN (1823–1905), Swedish man of letters, was born at Lund on the 6th of March 1823. He was educated at Lund university, where he was professor of German (1850–1859), of aesthetics (1859–1889) and rector (1875–1885). He had been a member of the Swedish Academy for twenty years at the time of his death in September 1905. His most important work, Svenska vilterhetens hafder efter Gustav IIL's dad (5 vols., Lund., 1873–1895), is a comprehensive study of Swedish literature in the 19th century. His other works include: Framslallning of de f ornasnste esteliska systemerna (an exposition of the principal system of aesthetics; 2 vols., 1856–1860); Svenska dramat inlill slutet of 17 arhundradet (a history of the Swedish drama down to the end of the 17th century, Lund, 1864); an edition (1864) of the Epistlar of Bell-man and Fredman, and a history of the Swedish Academy in the year of its centenary (1886). His scattered writings were collected as Smarre Skrifler (3 vols., 1872-1881), Llama. pleasant odour, into the rider's face. These animals are of great use and profit to their masters, for their wool is very good and fine, particularly that of the species called pacas, which have very long fleeces; and the expense of their food is trifling, as a handful of maize suffices them, and they can go four or five days without water. Their flesh is as good as that of the fat sheep of Castile. There are now public shambles for the sale of their flesh in all parts of Peru, which was not the case when the Spaniards came first; for when one Indian had killed a sheep his neighbours came and took what they wanted, and then another Indian killed a sheep in his turn." The disagreeable habit of spitting is common to all the group. In a wide sense the term " llama " is used to designate all the South American Camelidae. (See TYLOPODA.)
End of Article: GUSTAF HAKAN JORDAN LJUNGGREN (1823–1905)

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