Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V22, Page 666 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PURNEA or PURNIAH, a town and district of British India, in the Bhagalpur division of Bengal. The town is on the left bank of the little river Saura, with a railway station. Pop. (1901), 14,007. It has a bad reputation for fever. The DISTRICT OF PURNEA has an area of 4994 sq. m. and a population (1901) of 1,874,794, showing a decrease of 3.6% The treatment will beat' reference to any causes which may be discovered as associated with the onset of the disease, such as unfavourable hygienic conditions, and nutritive defects should be rectified by suitable diet. The various preparations of iron seem to be the best medicinal remedies in this ailment, while more direct astringents, such as gallic acid, ergot of rye, turpentine or acetate of lead, will in addition be called for in severe cases and especially when haemorrhage occurs. Sir A. Wright considers that in all cases of purpura the coagulation-time of the blood should be estimated. In such cases the time taken for clotting may be increased to three times as long as that taken by normal blood. He therefore advises calcium chloride in order to increase coagulability. In severe haemorrhages, adrenalin is often useful.
End of Article: PURNEA

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