Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 346 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCHOLARSHIP SCHOLAR. The term " scholar," primarily meaning a " learner," is secondarily applied to one who has thoroughly learnt all that " the school " can teach him, one who by early training and constant self-culture has attained a certain maturity in precise and accurate knowledge. Hence the term " scholarship " in the sense of the knowledge or method of a scholar. Similarly " classical scholarship " may be defined as the sum of the mental attainments of a classical scholar. Scholar-ship is sometimes identified with classical learning or erudition; it is more often contrasted with it. The contrast is thus drawn by Donaldson in his Classical Scholarship and Classical Learning (1856), and by Mark Pattison, in his Essay on Oxford Studies (1855). " I maintain," says Donaldson, " that not all learned men are accomplished scholars, though any accomplished scholar may, if he chooses to devote the time to the necessary studies, become a learned man " (p. 149). " It is not a know-ledge," writes Mark Pattison, " but a discipline, that is required; not science, but the scientific habit; not erudition, but scholar-ship " (Essays, i. 425). The expression " a scholarship " is also used in England for a money payment made by a school, college or university, as a prize (either for one year or a series of years) to the successful competitors at an examination at which one or more such scholar-ships are to be awarded; and the successful candidate is called a " scholar," as the holder of a " scholarship." In this sense the word is almost synonymous with " an exhibition," but the latter is usually considered inferior in merit and dignity, if not in amount. On the general history of classical scholarship, see CLASSICS: Greek and Latin.

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This is a very nice explanation .But,one thing i want to tell is that scholar is something which has a profound importance in expriance sharing among the student's coming from the different corner of the world.And also looking for better education.
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